Do They Only Hide In Shadows?
Definition of antagonist – one who is opposed to or strives with another; opponent; adversary. 2. The adversary of the hero or of the protagonist of a drama or other literary work.
Roget’s International Thesaurus— synonyms – antagonism- hostility, opposition, warlikeness, enmity, contrariety, disagreement, counteraction.
Counteraction – opposition counterposition or contraposition, confutation, contradiction; antagonism, repugnance, antipathy, conflict, friction, interference, clashing, collision; reaction, repercussion, backlash among recoil, kick, backfire, boomerang effect; resistance, nonconformity, crankiness, crotchetiness, orneriness, renitency (rigid in structure or attitude); going against the current or against the tide, swimming upstream; contrariety.
Susan May Warren – States in Deep and Wide, “I believe a villain is anyone or anything that seeks to destroy another person’s confidence, goals—even their hope. A villain chews at a person’s competence, raining upon them doubt, stirring up their fears, and leaves them hopeless.” Read following paragraph from page 142.
What types of antagonists are there?
Techniques to consider when using your antagonist to sweeten or adorn your plot and challenge your protagonist. Let’s talk about some….
Does the antagonist seem to be a friend to the hero, and the reader knows this but the hero is oblivious? Does the antagonist have skills and abilities that put the hero at a disadvantage? Is the antagonist just plain intimidating and prideful yet important to the success of the hero?
Invisible antagonist ? Is that even possible?
Writing the BREAKOUT NOVEL Workbook by Donald Maass suggests that sometimes the antagonists is merely life itself. Also, mysteries may not reveal the antagonist until the very end of the book. On page 68 he states and I quote, ‘Stephen L. Carter’s The Emperor of Ocean Park is not a murder mystery, as such, since the agent of opposition in the story is dead.’
Bottom line when evaluating your antagonist, is your antagonist:
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